Politically Exposed Persons in the Philippines: What You Need to Know

The Philippines, like many countries, has regulations in place to combat money laundering and terrorist financing. Identifying and implementing enhanced due diligence for Politically Exposed Persons (PEPs) is a key element of this strategy.

This blog post will serve as a guide for understanding PEPs in the Philippines, their classification, and the importance of due diligence for financial institutions.

Who are PEPs in the Philippines?

A PEP is an individual who holds or has held a prominent public position that grants them substantial authority over policy, operations, or the use of government resources. This can include:

Domestic PEPs: Elected officials (President, Senators, etc.), government appointees (Cabinet Secretaries, etc.), and senior officials in state-owned enterprises.

Foreign PEPs: Individuals holding similar positions in foreign governments or international organizations.

Who are Considered Close Associates of PEPs?

The Anti-Money Laundering Council (AMLC) of the Philippines also considers close associates of PEPs as high-risk individuals. These include:

Immediate family members: Spouse or partner, children and their spouses, and parents and parents-in-law.

Close business associates: Individuals with whom the PEP has a joint business venture or significant influence.

Why is Identifying PEPs Important?

PEPs, by virtue of their positions, may be more susceptible to corruption or influence peddling. Identifying them allows financial institutions to implement enhanced due diligence measures, which helps to:

  • Mitigate the risk of money laundering or terrorist financing.
  • Promote transparency in financial transactions.
  • Comply with anti-money laundering (AML) regulations.

What are Enhanced Due Diligence Measures for PEPs?

Financial institutions in the Philippines are required to conduct enhanced due diligence (EDD) for PEPs. This may involve:

  • Obtaining additional identification and verification documents.
  • Investigating the source of wealth and funds.
  • Monitoring account activity more closely.
  • Seeking approval from senior management for certain transactions.

What are the Consequences of Non-Compliance?

Failure to comply with AML regulations and properly identify and manage PEPs can result in significant penalties for financial institutions. These may include fines, reputational damage, and even suspension of operations.


Understanding PEPs and the importance of enhanced due diligence is crucial for financial institutions in the Philippines to comply with AML regulations and mitigate risk. By implementing these measures, financial institutions can help to protect themselves and the financial system from money laundering and terrorist financing.


  • Q: Are all politicians considered PEPs?

A: Not necessarily. Only those holding prominent positions with substantial authority fall under the PEP classification.

  • Q: How long does someone remain a PEP?

A: Generally, PEP status applies for a period of time after the individual leaves office. The exact timeframe may vary depending on the position.

  • Q: Where can I find a list of PEPs in the Philippines?

A: There is no publicly available list of PEPs. However, financial institutions rely on internal resources and databases to identify them.

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